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tv   News  Al Jazeera  September 15, 2015 12:00am-12:31am EDT

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story". malcolm turnbull takes over as prime minister of australia. the fourth leader in two years. hello from doha. this is the world news from al jazeera. >> more countries tighten border controls as the e.u. fails to agree on rehousing thousands of refugees. support for president bashar al-assad. claims that russia has positioned tanks and troops at an air base. >> the brits economy not looking
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solid. brazil makes spending cuts to head off a financial crisis in the last 30 minutes, malcolm turnbull has been sworn in as australia new prime minister. the end results of what happened on monday when the ruling liberal party voted out its leader tony abbott in a revolt. malcolm turnbull resigned from the cabinet. he asked tony abbott to step aside. it went to a leadership ballot and malcolm turnbull won that. >> we'll go to andrew thomas. it keeps happening. i said this last hour. they call it a spill in australia, a political spill. it happens with regularity every 12 or 18 months, you get a new prime minister. >> well, what you saw then, a new prime minister of australia sworn in, is becoming a strangely familiar sight.
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five times in five years, unprecedented for a country that on the surface looks very stable, very successful economically compared to others, but at the top of poll strides, a constant coup culture in politics. you had it under the previous labour government and now under the right of center. liberal government, remarkable scenes. why was this necessary by the parliamentary colleagues. well, opinion polls are consistently saying that tony abbott is not a popular prime minister, and his government is on track to lose the next election due in a year's time. obviously mps were concerned about losing their seat. they are not popular. they may have done good things in the party's eyes, when it comes to the economy, jobs are given the okay downturn. it's not a bad economic story.
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but the communication gets sidetracked like many saw as serious issues. saying that he would shirt front. assault vladimir putin. joking about climate change, and how rises would sink the nations. they kept distracting from central messages. malcolm turnbull, the new prime minister, said his government would be difference, here is a bit of what he had to say. the australia of the future has to be a nation that is agile, innovative, creative. we cannot be defensive or future proof ourselves. wep have to recognise the disruption driven by technology, the volatility and change is our friend, if we are agile and smart enough to take advantage of it. there has never been a more exciting time to be alive than
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today. and there is never been a more exciting time to be an answer. >> i'll be honest with you, malcolm turnbull sounds like any other politician talking about a broad vision, and everything will be great. i want to know about the practical differences that we see between an abbott and a turnbull government. >> well let's start with what won't change. they are both in the right center party. there will not be dramatic changes, but there'll be some change in nuance. tony abbott was from the right wing of a right wing party. malcolm turnbull is from the left. he has said that he's concerned about climate change. he has been leader to the party before. they overthrew him saying that malcolm turnbull was committed to a tax effectively on carbon emissions and tony abbott wanted nothing to do with that, famously saying that he believed
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climate change to be crap. malcolm turnbull. you would a thought sook climate change in the wake of the economy. that's a potential difference. also on the economy, the word vision stressed many times in the speech monday and again on tuesday, he wants to present a positive view. he thought too much time was spent on slogans and rhetoric. things like technological change, malcolm turnbull implied was a threat to australia. he will, he says, prevent a vision that addresses that as well. a practical thing, gay marriage, controversial around the world. it seems more and more as if western countries will allow gay men and women to marry. malcolm turnbull backs the gay marriage issue, tony abbott does
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not. >> glad you cleared it up. that that was a direct quote from tony abbott. thank you to other news, european governments failed to reach a consensus on a plan to relocate 120,000 refugees based on quotas. the idea has been blogged by a number of countries, including hungary which closed its crossings, and enacted a tough law showing they faced deportation or gaol. we have austria, slovakia and netherlands. bringing border checks back. germany reimposed border controls, insisting that it was not designed to keep people out, but to maintain order. >> we have two correspondents on both sides of the border. starting with andrew in hungary. >> what a dins a week -- difference a week makes in the
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refugee crisis, tens of thousands with virtual freely movement. it appears to come to an end with draconian laws in place in hunk rip. the boarder is not -- hungary. the border is not closed. unofficial access assist stopped by razor wire or police and army guards. now refugees are processed through here into buses and out to camps. and a new asylum law is coming into place, fast-tracked making it impossible for anyone coming from serbia to go forward, moving on to austria and germany. they will be sent back if the laws are followed to the letter. what's more, anyone crossing the border illegally, and that means cutting through the fence, feting through by some other means, not coming through the crossing points is a criminal.
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they'll be charged and face up to three years in prison. anyone that's an economic migrant will be turned back. no one is sure how the laws will be imposed. because more information is said to come from the government, but they would for to make a dramatic change in the flow of refugees through this part of europe. >> so with hungary tightening border controls, left with the last ditch scramble to get through. mohammed is with a group of people trying to get across from serbia. >> while grateful for the food. they know they have barely enough time to eat. >> we were afraid they'd close the border and not let us in. with the death and destruction, and families, we ask hungry to please let us through. >> reporter: along the border with hungary the refugees are running against the clock.
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event the wounded must find the stamina to continue. we are shown scars from the injuries sustained. after escaping death, he decided to get his family out of bus ra by any means. . >> we are drying any way we know how. we came all this way to get to europe. to get out the way here from south iraq, we need to be stopped. despite the hardship, his wife and children were hopeful. others aren't as optimistic. >> crossing from serbia to hungary, the refugees must walk along the tracks, about 3 kilometres. most that we try to speak with are too afraid. they are worried they will not get into hungry and if they do,
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they will not be able to get out in the coming days. nonetheless, anybody aware that the border from serbia into hungary will be closed within a matter of hours. when we get to the border, it is effectively sealed. construction of the defense, and police on horse back are out in greater numbers. >> soldiers guard gaps that hours earlier refugees walked through. families barred from entry decide to make a path to a crossing point. a train carriage outfitted is transported here to stop the influx once and for all. 1 more road block for the refugees, on a road that seems to get longer every day so hungary as its own approach to dealing with the influx of people. the e.u. members can't agree on
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a common solution. at a meeting in brussels, ministers failed to reach a deal on resetting 120,000 more refugees. we have that report from brussels. >> reporter: the european ideal of open borders changed to this. austria followed germany in introducing border controls for syrians and other people seeking refuge in the european union. it's a simply fom of a lack of response. interior and justice ministers met in brussels on monday to reach agreement on how to chair sought 160,000 refugees between member stakes. an ambitious goal and ultimately they fell short. >> when we do not succeed the first time, yes, we try again. the world is watching you wills. it is time for each and every
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one to take their spot. >> reporter: refugees beat the border patrols between serbia and hungary. they may not be as lucky crossing from hungary to austria, they risk getting caught in a limbo. the crisis is laying bear fundamental divisions between the european states. several countries said imposing refugee quotas will not work, and they will not accept them. germany and france argue if countries want the privileges of an e.u. membership, they need to accept the responsibility. as europe closes some stores, refugees continue to arrive on the shores of greece. they are overjoyed at surviving the crossing and may be unaware of obstacles and hardships that lie ahead. >> winter is coming. europe needs to be prepared for
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that, so we can fulfil obligations towards those that flee war and prosecution and obligations against those that want us to do a better job of protecting the border. >> in the european commission decisions are reached through consensus. a political commitment exists to relocate the refugees. translating that into action is another matter in the news ahead on al jazeera. hundreds of homes go up in flames as wildfires race across california. mex cope's president -- coe's -- mexico's president demands answers in egypt after tourists were killed in a mistaken desert army attack.
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to the top stories on al jazeera - malcolm turnbull has been sworn in as the new prime minister, as the ruling liberal party voted out the leader. he is the country's fifth prime minister in five years. tough immigration laws coming in effect in hungary. why refugees face deportation and gaol. the country closed informal borders with serbia. european and justice ministers failed to come to an agreement on how to deal with the refugee crisis. no mandatory limits. in principle, reflocting 120,000
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asylum seekers. >> more on that. 24 thours after germany bruised border controls, life is difficult for refugees trying to rive. rob reynolds has this report. >> reporter: halted meters from their goal. german police stop a group on a bridge near a river forming on the border. >> they walked from salzburg after a long and painful journey. now they wait in falling rain. it's counselled by a dom. >> it came through turkey, greece, macedonia to get treatment. the german police are not letting us through. >> germany has put controls in place here, claiming that the
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resources were overwhelmed by tens of thousands of refugees that flooded in over the past week. at the munich train station, none were in sight. donated clothes, blankets and toys were waiting, with no one to prove them. over the weekend this was full, but is now empty. the abrupt about face in german policy after throwing the doors open wide left germans confused and irritated. >> translation: the government no longer has things under control at all. at first refugees should come, then they say they are overwhelmed. i don't think the government has done anything right. what they are doing is too little, too lapt. >> at the border a second group of men travelled and stood on the german side. germany promised to admit all
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refugees that touch its soil. >> i'm in germany, inside germany. if i may be, now i'm in germany. not anyone can take me and lift me in syria or hungary or anything. the syrians detained were across the no man's land on the bridge into germany. they, too, are on secure ground. >> the border check, which is only temporary, is a sign that the european union's policy between open borders may be slipping away. >> they are a sign of europe grappling with the refugee crisis that keeps getting bigger as many syrians desperately seek refuge in europe, russia
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appears to expand support for the syrian president. the united states says moscow has reportedly positioned tanks. russia has already deployed 200 forces to that airfield and has been sending two cargo flight a day, within the past week. more from rosalind jordan in washington. >> reporter: russian military is expanding its airstrip at an air base. or why it is sending in troops on the ground. pentagon officials will not confirm that. the obama is concerned about the possibility of russian forces. one supporting the military in the civil war against a moderates position and coming
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into conflict in an opposition that has been going after i.s.i.l., i.s.i.l. is a threat to their countries, the u.s. and the coalition have not invited russia to take involve, because the u.s. believers russia would do so in an attempt to prop up bashar al-assad which the u.s. options. that said, the u.s. does not want to go in to how it knows the russians are making attempts to build a forward-operating air base, but says that it is watching the developments with concern. >> in yemen troops, part of the saudi arabia coalition, say they are pushing towards the capital sanaa, aiming to retake it from houthi rebels that took over the city. forces are fighting in the central provinces, a staging ground for a push forward. several air strikes were launched targetting the rebels.
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in swefl yemen fighters have been killed. troops loyal to the president were also killed. now, mexico's foreign ministers are heading to egypt's to get details about the investigations into the deaths of eight mexican tourists. they were among 12 killed in a security operation on sunday. we have the latest on mexico's response. >> mexico's president is in shock following the incident that took place in egypt on sunday. >> yesterday's events saddened us as a nation. there hasn't been a precedent in years of an event like this against our citizens. mexico demanded from the egyptian government an exhaustive prompt investigation establishing responsibility. >> the mexican president says government officials have been sent to egypt to help with the repatriation of the victims.
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>> i reiterate my sincere condolences to the relatives and friends of those that passed away in this incident. >> the injured were taken to hospital for treatment. the acting prime minister of egypt arrived at the hospital to visit the injured. egypt expressed regret. but said the tour wrists were in a restrict area. 22 tourists travelled in four vehicles. in a tweet mexico's president said his government: egyptian troops at the time are said to have been chasing armed fighters in the desert, said to have been travelling in similar vehicles to the mexican tourists three people have been arrested in malaysia in connection with the bombing of a
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shrine in bangkok. the chief of police says two malaysians and a pakistani were arrested and assisting with the investigations. 20 were killed. sri lanka's new government said i would set up an office for civil war reparations. the address violence cooperation - the announcement two days before the united nations releases a report on war crimes. sri lankan president has promised accountability for atrocities committed by drops. >> others in the u.s. state of qualify your forced tens of thousands from their homes. many have gone up in flames, it's been the most destructive in the u.s. in the last few months. jake ward has more. >> this has definitely been a terrible fire in a terrible season. more than 60,000 acres borned.
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more than 60,000 burnt, and a fraction of the fire has been contained. middle town behind me, at the center here, where apartments and a small school have gone up in flames typifies the damage throughout the region in the course of a 20-30km drive from one scene to another. we saw houses burnt all the way through. trees burnt all the way through. what is disturbing is the ways in which the fire is behaving differently to past fires, fifighters speak a certain language when it comes to fire, talking about good black. all the fuel has been consumed. they can relax in that place. rules do not apply any more. fires are coming back through the canape of trees, which used to not burn. the training of firefighters going out the window. here in california, we are in
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our fourth year of drought and all the rules have been broken. this is a new fire requiring new firefighting. so far this fire is winning the fight brazil has announced 17 billion in spending cuts and tax rises to try to balance the books. health care, low-cost housing, spending on infrastructure and agricultural subsidies will be hit hard. brazil has been hurt by a slow down in currency in china. virginia lopez is in rio de janeiro. >> in an effort to close the gaps next year. it will be affected by the huge project that had initially been aimed at stimulating the economy. also another sector seeing cuts
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is public sector employment, and close to 10 ministries were up to 10 elimination or slashing. the other sector looking to suffer greatly and comes at a controversial time is the - self of the social and welfare programs that dilma rousseff administration has been so keen on supporting. this is particularly controversial at the time because these programs are at the heart of the support base of the workers party, but dilma rousseff's government. and slashing them would have a huge impact on the popularity which is, at the moment, at a record low. her popularity is around 7%. having said this, we spoke to analysts today that think that these measures are much needed and are probably the last resource that brazil has to try
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to save its economy the position of poet laureate has been given to a person of latin american. it was a job to raise people's interests in the reading and writing poetry. this man shares his experiences with us. >> i'm the son of a poet. imfrom fresno california. my father left a small village in mex coy. and i think it was in the 1890s. he was born in 1882. he jumped a train. it was a straight line.
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everything falls out in the fields of california, working and working. growing up as a child. and more trailers. when you come from the working class, i am sure it happens to many of us, we don't think of becoming writers. i was doing what i was doing. it's lining becoming a breather. how do you become a breather. you are not really breathing. poetry may seem like it's hard to write or raid, but actually it's the most natural thing we can do. i'm here to encourage everyone to express their experiences, their families's experiences and homeland experiences. only when we do those things will we have a better sense of america. let's test unity, let's test it in the office and get together
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at lunchtime and read poems about where we are coming from or something that has come up. let's put it to work. i invite everyone to do that now. >> plenty more news and counter affairs online at al jazeera. the video in demand. headlines all for you, 24/7. >> if you got to choose how long you would get to live for, how long would you want to live for? >> immortality >> why? >> i wouldn't die or anything >> what's wrong with dying >> well, i want to be with my family. i don't want to miss out on any of the fun >> my kids are probably like most kids out there. for them, the idea of living forever seems pretty great.


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